IKN Controversies : The Pros and Cons


On January 18th 2022 People's Representative Council of the Republic of Indonesia approved Rancangan Undang-Undang (RUU) into a solid constitution (Undang-Undang) for Ibu Kota Negara (IKN). This is a sign that the capital city of Indonesia, Jakarta, will be moved to Nusantara in 2024.


Nevertheless, redeployment of the capital city of Indonesia caused several controversies. There are a lot of pros and cons from various parties including the chosen location of Nusantara, the government are in a rush to legalize the constitution, and many more.


Here is few pros and cons about IKN :


The poverty is still high so there’s no need to create a new capital city.

Deputy Chairman of Commission XI of the House of Representatives (DPR), Achmad Hafidz Tohir, asked about the urgency of moving the capital city launched by the government. In fact, according to him, poverty in Indonesia, which is still high, is much more important to be managed.


"If we are still struggling, why should we move the capital (IKN)? We are elected by the people, the President should also side with the people," he said.


Indonesia in a difficult finances

Deputy Chairman of the House of Representatives (DPR), Fadli Zon, considered the discourse on moving the capital city to be unreasonable. According to him, the state's finances are in trouble.


Jakarta is no longer qualified

The Minister of Public Works and Public Housing (PUPR), Basuki Hadimuljono, said there were many considerations why the capital city had to be moved from Jakarta. One of them is related to the carrying capacity factor, population distribution factor, and equitable development in Nusantara.


"The population in Java is 57 percent (of the total population of Indonesia), in Sumatra, it is 21 percent. So it's also for distribution," he continued.


The business world will excites when the capital moves

Chairman of the Indonesian Employers' Association (Apindo), Hariyadi Sukamdani, said that moving the capital city from Jakarta to outside Java would positively impact the business world. With the relocation of the central government, it will automatically create a new metropolitan city


"So IKN is a good idea to create new growth areas, but it must be remembered that the nature of relocating the capital is long term," he said.


Investors has awaited IKN Project Plan

Head of the Investment Coordinating Board (BKPM) Thomas Lembong said the plan to relocate the capital could be fresh air and bring positive sentiment to investors if it was realized. pure private.


"IKN certainly has the potential to stimulate investment on a very large scale. So if the discourse is on a USD 33 billion project or more than IDR 400 trillion, it is certainly a very large investment amount," he said.


IKN could threaten the endangered animals

Several environmental activist organizations in East Kalimantan assessed that the IKN Law would be a threat to the living space of the community and indigenous peoples as well as endangered animals in the IKN project location.


IKN as government’s shortcut

The DKI Jakarta area which is prone to flooding and high congestion levels is also used as a reason for moving IKN. Does it mean the government prefers to run away from problems rather than solve them?



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